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Faculty and Staff

Dr. Maynard H. Schaus

Maynard H. Schaus

Professor of Biology and Chair of the Division of Natural Sciences and Mathematics


B.S., California Lutheran University
Ph.D., Miami University (Ohio)

Office Location: Blocker 101
Phone: 757-455-3247
Affiliation: Faculty
Department/s: Biology
Earth and Environmental Sciences
Environmental Studies

Maynard Schaus received his B.S. in Biology from California Lutheran University and his Ph.D. in Zoology from Miami University (Ohio). Dr. Schaus's research on the role of fish in lake nutrient cycles has been published in several peer reviewed journals. He has conducted research in Florida on the effects of a large scale fish removal on the nutrient cycles of Lake Apopka. He has been involved with the campus green roof project, to examine the effects of green roofs on the nutrient content of runoff water. He has also worked with students on a variety of basic and applied ecology projects, including work on salt marsh bird community composition, nutrient uptake by stormwater management ponds, and the ecology of neotropical harvestmen. He has received funding from the St. Johns River Water Management District, and in collaboration with other Virginia Wesleyan faculty members has received funding from EPA and NSF.

Fulton, R., W. Godwin and M.H. Schaus.  2015.  Water Quality Changes Following Nutrient Loading Reduction and Biomanipulation in a Large Shallow Subtropical Lake, Lake Griffin, Florida.  Hydrobiologia 753:243-263.  DOI: 10.1007/s10750-015-2210-8

Malcolm, E., M. Reese, M. Schaus, I. Ozmon and L. Tran.  2014.  Measurements of Nutrients and Mercury from Green Roofs and Gravel Roof Runoff.  Ecological Engineering 73:705-712  DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2014.09.030

Schaus, M.H., W. Godwin, L. Battoe, M. Coveney, E. Lowe, R. Roth, W.W. Morris and C. Hawkins.  2013.  Effect of a size-selective biomanipulation on nutrient release by gizzard shad in Florida (USA) lakes.  Knowledge and Management of Aquatic Ecosystems 411: 13 DOI: 10.1051/kmae/2013082  (W.W. Morris and C. Hawkins – VWC Undergraduates).

Schaus, M.H., V.R. Townsend and J.J. Illinik.  2013.  Food Choice of the Neotropical Harvestman Erginulus clavotibialis (Opiliones: Laniatores: Cosmetidae).  Journal of Arachnology 41:219-221.  (J. Illinik – VWC Undergraduate).

Schaus, M.H., W. Godwin, L. Battoe, M. Coveney, E. Lowe, R. Roth, C. Hawkins, M. Vindigni, C. Weinberg and A. Zimmerman.  2010.  Impact of the Removal of Gizzard Shad (Dorosoma cepedianum) on Nutrient Cycles in Lake Apopka, Florida.  Freshwater Biology 55:2401-2413.  (C. Hawkins, M. Vindigni, C. Weinberg & A. Zimmerman – VWC undergraduates)

Catalano, M.J., M.S. Allen, M.H. Schaus, D.G. Buck and J.R. Beaver.  2010.  Evaluating Short-term Effects of Omnivorous Fish Removal on Water Quality and Zooplankton at a Subtropical Lake.  Hydrobiologia 655:159-169.

Schaus, M. H., M. J. Vanni, and T. E. Wissing.  2002.  Biomass-dependent Diet Shifts in Omnivorous Gizzard Shad: Implications for Growth, Food Web, and Ecosystem Effects.  Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 131:40-54.

Vanni, M. J., W. H. Renwick, J. L. Headworth, J. D. Auch, and M. H. Schaus.  2001.  Dissolved and Particulate Nutrient Flux from Three Adjacent Agricultural Watersheds: A Five Year Study. Biogeochemistry 54:85-114.

Schaus, M. H. and M. J. Vanni.  2000.  Effects of Omnivorous Gizzard Shad on Phytoplankton and Nutrient Dynamics: Role of Sediment Feeding and Fish Size.  Ecology 81:1701-1719.

Schaus, M. H., M. J. Vanni, T. E. Wissing, M. T. Bremigan, J. E. Garvey, and R. A. Stein.  1997.  Nitrogen and Phosphorus Excretion by Detritivorous Gizzard Shad (Dorosoma cepedianum) in a Reservoir Ecosystem.  Limnology and Oceanography 42:1386-1397.

Mather, M. E., M. J. Vanni, T. E. Wissing, S. A. Davis, and M. H. Schaus. 1995. Regeneration of Nitrogen and Phosphorus by Bluegill and Gizzard Shad: Effect of Feeding History.  Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 52:2327-2338. 

  • Aquatic Ecology
  • Nutrient Cycling
  • Applied Ecology

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