Student Research Projects
Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) and the Effects of Legislation on the Number of Cases in Ghana and Sudan
FGM is a practice predating Islam and is deeply rooted in tradition throughout Sub-Saharan and North Africa. Though the origin is not exact, the practice has secretly thrived for hundreds of years. Sudan was the first country to enact legislation banning the practice of FGM through the 1946 Penal Code. Surprisingly, Sudan has almost 60% more cases than Ghana, which in 1989 enacted the country's first anti-FGM legislation. It is important to find out the reasons behind why there are fewer cases in Ghana than in Sudan. Such research may illuminate useful anti-FGM strategies.