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Student Research Projects

Gender Differences in Some Aspects of Smoking Behavior: Replication of an Investigation Testing Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory

Student Whitney L. Schubert, Jaclyn Ochs-Gregory, & Sarah R. Saccone
Faculty Mentor(s) Dr. Angela Fournier
Department Psychology

Abstract

This study was a replication of Landy’s 1967 study, which found gender differences in certain aspects of smoking behavior, predicted by Freud’s psychoanalytic theory. The theory predicts that men and women will evidence fixation of libidinal energy at the phallic stage of psychosexual development. As a result of this fixation, Landy (1967) found gender differences in the way in which men and women opened a pack of cigarettes and obtained the first cigarette. These differences were explained via differences in symbolic sublimations. To replicate the study, researchers observed a total of 30 men and women opening a pack of cigarettes and obtaining the first cigarette. Results will be discussed in the context of Freud’s theory and other theories of personality in psychology.

Conferences

Tidewater Chapter of Sigma Xi - 9th annual Student Research Poster Session, Nov. 2007.

Jaclyn Ochs-Gregory, Whitney L. Schubert, & Sarah R. Saccone. 2008. Gender Differences in Some Aspects of Smoking Behavior: Replication of an Investigation Testing Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory. Virginia Psychological Association, April 2008, Charlottesville, VA.

 

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