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Contact Information

Clarke Hall
Virginia Wesleyan College
1584 Wesleyan Drive
Norfolk , VA 23502
Phone: 757.455.3359
Fax: 757.233.8743


Mon. and Wed.
8:30 a.m.-8:30 p.m.
8:30 a.m.-7:00 p.m.
Thurs. and Fri.
8:30 a.m.-4:30 p.m.

Student Research Projects

Morphological studies on polymer electrolyte membranes (PEMs) used in fuel cells the effects of environmental conditions on structural changes as determined by FTIR spectroscopy, Part I

Student Keane Dye ‘16 (Biology and Chemistry)
Faculty Mentor(s) Dr. Kevin Kittredge
Department Chemistry
Course Chemistry 489: Research Methods in the Natural Sciences


The overall goal is to explain in-bulk structural changes of Nafion, a perfluorinated Polymer Electrolyte Membranes (PEMs) employing Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) analysis in Transmittance mode. FTIR spectra were collected on both pristine and degraded polymers. Due to the thickness of the majority of commercially available perfluorinated films, sample preparation for in-bulk analysis was required. Microsampling techniques were validated and applied to this polymer. Nafion displayed features for the extent of hydration by the sulfonate groups in the polymer.


Keane Dye ‘16

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